The United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 is a landmark decision, made in 2000, that for the first time calls for equal representation of women in key decision-making bodies, their participation in processes of conflict resolution and peace arrangements, protection of women and girls from violence, and the prevention of violence in general and gender violence against women in particular. Since then, the UN Security Council has passed a series of additional resolutions meant to enhance four universal values related to women: protection in areas of conflict, participation in key decision-making bodies, suitable and diverse representation, and full participation in formulating and implementing peace agreements – all this with an emphasis on the unique status of women and recognition of the link between the continuation of military conflicts and gender inequality in society.
Starting in 2000, and more intensely since 2010, Resolution 1325 has been adopted in various countries and has become the main platform for the promotion of women’s equality and the broadening of the concept of security. By September 2014, forty-six countries had approved a national action program, and nine of them had even approved a second, improved version, following an examination of the results of the implementation of the first action plan. In addition, seven regional action plans were approved.
Before starting to formulate and promote a comprehensive action plan in Israel, it is important to study the international context of the various action plans and understand the processes that took place in other countries that preceded Israel in adopting and implementing national action plans based on Resolution 1325. This study provides a global context for the Israeli endeavor and examines, as a source of knowledge relevant to the Israeli context, what has been done in other countries.
The draft of the action plan was completed in October 2013 and presented to the government as a tool for implementing Resolution 1325.
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