Resolution 1325 is the first of seven resolutions dealing with women, peace, and security that were passed by the United Nations Security Council between 2000 and 2013. This series of resolutions is a historic attempt to integrate gender perspectives into the work of international organizations, and it seeks to combine three universal values—protection, equality, and peace—with an emphasis on the unique status of women. Viewed in a narrow context, what led to the development of norms in international law that address the status of women in war zones was the need to protect women and girls from sexual violence in times of conflict. To that end, Resolution 1325 states that the member states of the United Nations are responsible for honoring all treaties containing regulations regarding the status of women in time of war. They are also responsible for protecting women and girls from gender violence, especially rape and sexual exploitation, and for prosecuting anyone suspected of sexual crimes, particularly crimes that international courts have defined as war crimes, torture, or crimes against humanity. In the broader context these resolutions contain general normative requirements regarding the inclusion of women in processes of conflict prevention, conflict resolution, post-conflict rehabilitation, and recognition of the connection between the continuation of a military conflict and gender inequality in society.
This policy paper analyzes the patterns of dissemination and implementation of Resolution 1325 from a global perspective and examines several models of interpretation and localization that have been developed in Israel over the past decade. According to the approach on which this policy paper is based, the process of creating national and international regulations and laws pertaining to the rights of women is influenced by an array of geopolitical forces and by many multidimensional economic and political interests at the national and global levels.
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