Theological Thought and the Anthropocene is a research group that is a continuation of the Anthropocene Club, which functioned at the Van Leer Institute in 2019 with the aim of clarifying the boundaries of the concept of the Anthropocene and studying its relevance to life in the technological and scientific era. The Anthropocene is no longer a concept only of geologists, environmental scientists, and climatologists. In recent years many articles and books have appeared that deal with the cultural, social, and political meanings of the Anthropocene. The current group is discussing the theological aspects of Anthropocene philosophy. The premise is that the dramatic changes inherent in the Anthropocene—not only concerning climate and life on earth but also in relation to humankind’s place in relation to nature and questions of creation, extinction, preservation, destiny, responsibility, sin, and punishment—challenge the premises of metaphysics and theological thought.