Women’s Representation in Security Decision Making 2013-2014
|Publisher||Van Leer Institute Press|
|Year of Publication||2015|
|Series||Publications of the Center for the Advancement of Women in the Public Sphere (WIPS)|
The United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325, passed in 2000, is a landmark decision, that for the first time calls for equal representation of women in key decision-making bodies, their involvement in processes of conflict resolution and peace arrangements, protection of women and girls from violence, and the prevention of violence in general and gender violence against women in particular. Since then the UN Security Council has passed a series of additional resolutions, meant to enhance four universal values related to women: protection in areas of conflict, participation in key decision-making bodies, fitting and diverse representation, and full participation in formulating and implementing peace agreements—all this with an emphasis on the unique status of women and recognition of the link between the continuation of military conflicts and gender inequality in society.
The State of Israel was one of the first member states of the United Nations to adopt the resolution into legislation and to approve legislation that made women’s representation in public bodies obligatory. But there was still a need to write and implement a comprehensive action plan. To that end, dozens of women’s organizations, human rights organizations, and feminist activists joined together. Ten roundtable discussions, which took place from January 2012 to October 2013, led to a draft of a comprehensive action plan that covered many topics. The draft of the action plan was completed in October 2013 and was presented to the government as a tool for implementing UN Security Council Resolution 1325.
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